Emergence of human rotavirus genotype G9 in metropolitan Detroit between 2007 and 2009

Nahed Abdel-Haq, Muhammad Amjad, Eric Mcgrath, Pimpanada Chearskul, Ahdi Amer, Hossein Salimnia, Basim I. Asma

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15 Scopus citations


Between January 2007 and April 2009, rotavirus (RV)-positive stool samples from 238 children with acute gastroenteritis, seen at Children's Hospital of Michigan in Detroit, USA, were collected and RV genotyping was performed. G and P genotypes were determined by RT-PCR and nucleotide sequencing was conducted on selected G9 and P[6] strains. Correlation between the severity of gastroenteritis episode and the infecting G genotype was done using a 14-point scoring system. The predominant G genotype was G9 (39.5%), followed by G1 (35.3%) and G4 (15.5%), while P[8] was the most prevalent P genotype (66.5%), followed by P[4] (21.9%) and P[6] (11.2%). The gene combinations G1P[8] and G9P[8] were the most prevalent (21.4% and 20.6%, respectively), followed by G4P[8] (13%) and G9P[6] (8.8%). Immunization data showed that only 17/238 (7.1%) children received ¢one dose of RV vaccine (the pentavalent vaccine RotaTeq or the monovalent vaccine Rotarix) and that 10/17 were infected with G4P[8] strains. Severity of RV gastroenteritis episodes was not related to the infecting G genotype. Our results suggest a high proportion of genotype G9 strains in combination with P[8], P[6] and P[4] specificity circulating in the metropolitan Detroit area. While the protective efficacy of the RV vaccines has been demonstrated against G9P[8] strains, the level of cross-protection offered by the vaccines against G9 strains with P[6] and P[4] genotypes in the Detroit paediatric population remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-767
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


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