Endothelin receptor blockade blunts the pressor response to acute stress in men and women with obesity

Cassandra C. Derella, Anson M. Blanks, Xiaoling Wang, Matthew A. Tucker, Chase Horsager, Jin Hee Jeong, Paula Rodriguez-Miguelez, Jacob Looney, Jeffrey Thomas, David M. Pollock, Ryan A. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obesity is associated with dysregulation of the endothelin system. In individuals with obesity, an exaggerated pressor response to acute stress is accompanied by increased circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1). The impact of combined endothelin A/B receptor (ETA/B) antagonism on the stress-induced pressor response in overweight/obese (OB) individuals is unknown. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that treatment with an ETA/B antagonist (bosentan) would reduce the stress-induced pressor response and arterial stiffness in overweight/obese compared with normal weight (NW) individuals. Forty participants [normal weight (NW): n = 20, body mass index (BMI): 21.7 ± 2.4 kg/m2 and overweight/obese (OB): n = 20, BMI: 33.8 ± 8.2 kg/m2] were randomized to placebo or 125 mg of bosentan twice a day (250 mg total) for 3 days. Hemodynamics were assessed before, during, and after a cold pressor test (CPT). Endothelin-1 was assessed at baseline and immediately after CPT. Following a washout period, the same protocol was repeated with the opposite treatment. The change from baseline in mean arterial pressure (MAP) during CPT following bosentan was significantly lower (P = 0.039) in the OB group than in the NW group (OB: 28 ± 12 vs. NW: 34 ± 15 mmHg). These results suggest that ETA/B antagonism favorably blunts the pressor response to acute stress in overweight/ obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-83
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Bosentan
  • Endothelin-1
  • Obesity
  • Stress

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