Advances in nanotechnology have opened new doors to overcome the problems related to contaminated water by introducing photocatalytic nanomaterials. These materials can effectively degrade toxic contaminants, such as dyes and other organic pollutants, into harmless by-products such as carbon dioxide and water. Consequently, these photocatalytic nanomaterials have the potential to provide low-cost and environment-friendly alternatives to conventional water and wastewater treatment techniques. In this study, a nanocomposite of zinc oxide and graphene oxide was developed and evaluated for photocatalysis. This nanocomposite was characterized by XRD, FTIR, FESEM, Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS), TEM and UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The photocatalytic behavior of the nanocomposite was studied through the degradation of methyl orange under ultraviolet light. It is reported that the weight ratios of zinc oxide and graphene oxide do not considerably affect the photocatalytic performance, which gives this process more compositional flexibility. Moreover, hydrogen peroxide was used as an electron scavenger to increase the timeefficiency of the process. The photodegradation rate can be significantly improved (up to 24 times) with the addition of hydrogen peroxide, which increases the number of trapped electrons and generates more oxidizing species, consequently increasing the reaction rate.
- Wastewater treatment