Environmental awareness and outdoor recreation: A pilot program for people with special needs

Lynn A. Dominguez, Mary Lou Schilling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article presents the results of a pilot program conducted in the area of environmental awareness and outdoor recreation skills for people with special needs. The program was created to meet the needs of people with disability to form connections with the natural environment and obtain experience with outdoor recreation pursuits. It was implemented in the public school system at the middle-school level by college undergraduate volunteers. A criterion-based tool was created and tested to measure knowledge and application of content gains from the program. Curricula design and development, program implementation, activity examples, and results of the pre and post tests are discussed. Additionally, recommendations for future collaborative partnerships between educational and recreation/park practitioners are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Leisure Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Criterion-Based Test
  • Environmental Awareness
  • Environmental Education
  • Natural Resources Education
  • Outdoor Recreation
  • Special Populations
  • Therapeutic Recreation


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