Epidemiology and profile of pediatric burns in a large referral center

Ami Shah, Srinivasan Suresh, Ronald Thomas, Sue Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Burns are a preventable cause of pediatric injury with over 100 000 annual hospitalizations. The authors hypothesize that analysis of injury patterns can generate age-specific and injury-specific prevention strategies to reduce these injuries. Methods: Data from the burn registry were collected over a 9-year period. Cross-tabulations were employed to examine associations. An analysis of variance model was used to examine differences in injury pattern. Results: Burns in children less than 1 year accounted for 16% of all admissions. The most common mechanism of injury was scalds (48.4%). Electrical and chemical burns occurred more often in older children. Suspected abuse (N = 142) accounted for 6.7% of all admissions. House fire injuries (N = 94) had a higher mean total burn surface area (18.2%). Smoke detectors were present in two thirds of the cases. Conclusions: These predictors can form the basis for targeted public health initiatives with a potential reduction in the number of burn injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-395
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • burn registry
  • burns
  • children
  • epidemiology
  • injury
  • injury patterns

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