Epigenetics, stem cells, cellular differentiation, and associated hereditary neurological disorders

Bhairavi Srinageshwar, Panchanan Maiti, Gary L. Dunbar, Julien Rossignol

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this chapter we review the role of epigenetics in stem cell proliferation and differentiation and how this may impact the potential use of stem cells to treat various neurodegenerative diseases. We describe the basic role of epigenetics in the human brain and how it may affect neuropathology, as well as the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the development of various stem cells, including mesenchymal stem cells, neural stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and hematopoietic stem cells. In addition, the therapeutic roles of stem cells for treating neurodegenerative diseases, such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Rett Syndrome, spinocerebellar ataxia, and multiple sclerosis are explored. The goal of the chapter is to help increase our understanding of epigenetics of stem cell biology, given that this is fundamentally important for designing stem-cell-based therapies with regards to maximizing efficiency and long-term efficacy, while reducing adverse effects which comprise the most critical criteria for translating the stem cell therapy from the bench to the bedside.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Epigenetics
Subtitle of host publicationThe New Molecular and Medical Genetics
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780128053881
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Epigenetics
  • Hematopoietic stem cell
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Induced pluripotent stem cell
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neural stem cell
  • Neurodegenerative disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Rett syndrome
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia
  • Stem cell


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