Estimation of national stress index using socioeconomic antecedents–a case of MIMIC model

Noman Arshed, Waqas Ahmad, Mubasher Munir, Ahmad Farooqi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Developed economies are at the forefront of facing the brunt of non-communicable diseases (NCD). The majority of the health expenditures are routed in managing obesity and mental disorder-related patients, and there is a fall in the productivity of the distressed and NCD prone labour. Several indicators of stress are used in literature to assess its implications. However, empirically no database has maintained the longitudinal data of national stress level. This study focused on constructing the socioeconomic antecedent of non-communicable stress which is leading to several NCDs. For this Multiple Indicator and Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model is utilized for 151 countries between 2008 and 2018. The results show that macroeconomic conditions, trade, and environmental quality follow fundamentals in explaining stress. While, national stress index is a significant source of smoking and mental disorder prevalence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-863
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022


  • Spatial temporal analysis
  • geospatial stress distribution
  • psychoneuroimmunology
  • stress index development


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