Evolution of displacement cascades in Fe–Cr structures with different [001] tilt grain boundaries

M. Abu-Shams, W. Haider, I. Shabib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic steels of Cr concentration between 2.25 and 12 wt% are candidate structural materials for next-generation nuclear reactors. In this study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation is used to generate the displacement cascades in Fe–Cr structures with different Cr concentrations by using different primary knock-on atom (PKA) energies between 2 and 10 keV. A concentration-dependent model potential has been used to describe the interactions between Fe and Cr. Single crystals (SCs) of three different coordinate bases (e.g. [310], [510], and [530]) and bi-crystal (BC) structures with three different [001] tilt grain boundaries (GBs) (e.g. Σ5, Σ13, and Σ17) have been simulated. The Wigner–Seitz cell criterion has been used to identify the produced Frenkel pairs. The results show a marked difference between collisions observed in SCs and those in BC structures. The numbers of vacancies and interstitials are found to be significantly higher in BC structures than those found in SCs. The number of point defects exhibits a power relationship with the PKA energies; however, the Cr concentration does not seem to have any influence on the number of survived point defects. In BC models, a large fraction of the total survived point defects (between 59% and 93%) tends accumulate at the GBs, which seem to trap the generated point defects. The BC structure with Σ17 GB is found to trap more defects than Σ5 and Σ13 GBs. The defect trapping is found to be dictated by the crystallographic parameters of the GBs. For all studied GBs, self-interstitial atoms (SIAs) are easily trapped within the GB region than vacancies. An analysis of defect composition reveals an enrichment of Cr in SIAs, and in BC cases, more than half of the Cr-SIAs are found to be located within the GB region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-378
Number of pages15
JournalRadiation Effects and Defects in Solids
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017


  • Irradiation
  • ferritic-martensitic
  • frenkel pairs
  • grain boundary
  • molecular dynamics


Dive into the research topics of 'Evolution of displacement cascades in Fe–Cr structures with different [001] tilt grain boundaries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this