Examination of the extinguishment performance of a water mist system using continuous and cycling discharges

Zhigang Liu, Andrew K. Kim, Joseph Z. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


We conducted a series of full-scale fire tests of a twin-fluid water mist system in an empty enclosure and in a simulated machinery space. During the tests, two water mist discharge modes, continuous and cycling, were used. We investigated the extinguishment performance of the water mist system using these two discharge modes under various fire scenarios, including different fire sizes, types, and locations, and different ventilation conditions. Test results showed that use of the cycling discharge substantially improved the effectiveness of the water mist system for fire suppression, in comparison to the continuous discharge. The corresponding extinguishing time and water requirement for fire suppression were significantly reduced, and some fires that could not be extinguished with the continuous discharge were extinguished with the cycling discharge. The improvement in fire suppression was attributed to high depletion and dilution rate of oxygen and the recurrent dynamic mixing generated by the cycling water mist discharge in the compartment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-361
Number of pages26
JournalFire Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Continuous and cycling discharges
  • Fire extinguishment
  • Water mist


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