Experimental study of nanoengineered molten salts as thermal energy storage in solar power plants

Hani Tiznobaik, Donghyun Shin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a concentrated solar power (CSP), high operating temperature (over 500 °C) is the key for enhancing the efficiency of the system. The operating temperature of the system mainly relies on thermal energy storage (TES) material. Existing TES materials such as mineral oil or paraffin wax cannot be applicable at high temperatures, since these materials are not thermally stable over 400 °C. However, very few materials are suitable and reliable for the high temperatures. Using molten salts (e.g., alkali nitrate, alkali carbonate, alkali chloride, etc.) as thermal energy storage material is an alternative way due to several benefits. They are cheap and environmentally safe compared with the conventional TES materials. They are thermally stable at higher temperatures (over 500 °C). However, their usage is limited due to low thermo-physical properties (e.g. Cp is less than 1.6 J/g°C). The low thermo-physical properties can be improved by dispersing nanoparticles into the salts. In this study, nanomaterials were synthesized by dispersing inorganic nanoparticles into ionic salts. Modulated differential scanning calorimeter (MDSC) was used to measure the heat capacity of the nanomaterials. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used for material characteristic analysis. Hence, the application of the nanomaterials as thermal energy storage in a concentrated solar power was explored.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012
Pages1211-1216
Number of pages6
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
EventASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012 - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2012Nov 15 2012

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume6

Conference

ConferenceASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHouston, TX
Period11/9/1211/15/12

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