Expression of stress proteins HSP 72 and HSP 32 in response to endotoxemia

John P. Ofenstein, Sabrina Heidemann, Amy Juett-Wilstermann, Ashok Sarnaik

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pretreatment with heat decreases mortality and acute lung injury in the rat septic shock model, presumably by the production of heat shock proteins (HSP). However, endotoxin, a severe cell stresser, has not been shown to induce HSP 70. We investigated the effects of severe endotoxemia on the expression of specific protective stress proteins, including HSP 72 (inducible HSP 70), HSP 32 (heme oxygenase-1), and HSP 90. Fifteen rats received intravenously either 3 mg/kg of endotoxin (E. coli O 127:B8 lipopolysaccharide, LPS) (n = 9) or saline (n = 6). Two hr later the spleen was removed and splenocytes were separated into three groups and analyzed for specific HSP by Western blot. In Group 1, both endotoxin-treated and saline- treated splenocytes were incubated for 3 hr at 37°C. In Group 2, the splenocytes were washed twice, then heat shocked for 30 min at 42°C and subsequently incubated for 2.5 hr at 37°C. In Group 3, splenocytes were washed twice, then incubated for 3.0 hr at 37°C. HSP 90 and HSP 70c (constitutive) were present in all groups. Consistent with observations by others, HSP 72 was not induced in Group 1. HSP 72 was induced in both the saline-treated and endotoxin-treated splenocytes after heating (Group 2). However, in the absence of heat stress, HSP 72 was present in endotoxin- treated but not in saline-treated splenocytes after incubation (Group 3). Conversely, HSP 32, while present in Group 1 splenocytes, was not detected in the endotoxin-treated splenocytes of Group 2 and Group 3, but was present in the saline-treated cells. In conclusion, endotoxemic shock results in induction of HSP 72 and depletion of HSP 32, but only after the cells have been washed and further incubated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Volume30
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Endotoxemia
  • HSP 70
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Rat splenocytes

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