External fixation of the femur: Basic concepts

Shyam Kishan, Sanjeev Sabharwal, Fred Behrens, Mark Reilly, Michael Sirkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This article discusses the application of femoral external fixators, with emphasis on the cross sectional anatomy, mechanical considerations, and fixator configurations, Safe, unsafe, and hazardous corridors are described, with recommendations for optimal and ideal pin placement. Fixator configurations and the biomechanics are touched upon, with suggestions for difficult clinical situations such as osteopenic bone, small fracture fragments, and heavy patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalTechniques in Orthopaedics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Femoral external fixation
  • Ideal pin plane
  • Safe corridors


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