Factors controlling tadpole populations of the chorus frog ( Pseudacris triseriata) on Isle Royale, Michigan.

D. C. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

232 Scopus citations

Abstract

At the NE end of Isle Royale, the P. triseriata breeds nearly exclusively in pools on the exposed rocky shores of Lake Superior. Small pools and those next to the lake last less than the 55-83 d required for metamorphosis; survivorship to metamorphosis in these pools is low. Large pools near the forest edge are permanent, but contain the predators Anax junius and Ambystoma laterale. Anax junius eliminates P. triseriata if they occur together in the same pool. P. triseriata sustains high densities only in pools at intermediate levels on the shore, where intraspecific competition is suggested by effects of density on initial growth rate and on the length of the larval period. Data demonstrate density dependence and indicate that food is limiting and in short supply in the natural breeding pools. Partitioning of the larval habitat may allow predators to eliminate tadpoles from many pools, yet create refuges from predation in others. In pools free of predation, competition may be intense and exert control on recruitment. These features may be common to other anurans of ephemeral habitats. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-510
Number of pages10
JournalEcology
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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