Fibrinogen Level and Bleeding Risk during Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis Using Tissue Plasminogen Activator

Kevin Lee, Alexandra Istl, Luc Dubois, Guy Derose, Thomas L. Forbes, Daniele Wiseman, Amol Mujoomdar, Stewart Kribs, Adam H. Power

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether low fibrinogen levels (fibrinogen level <1.5 g/L) during catheter-directed thrombolysis are associated with an increased bleeding risk. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on patients undergoing extremity arterial or venous thrombolysis between 2005 and 2013. Results: Patients in the low fibrinogen group were younger (P =.006) and had a higher number of venous occlusive events (P =.004). The low fibrinogen group received a larger dose of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA; P =.009) and had a longer duration of thrombolysis (P =.010). The rates of major bleeding were not significantly different (P =.139). Univariate analysis showed that larger total dose and longer duration of tPA infusion were associated with increased bleeding complications (P <.01 and P =.03). Conclusion: A fibrinogen level <1.5 g/L during thrombolysis was not associated with an increased bleeding risk. However, larger dose and longer duration of thrombolysis were associated with increased bleeding risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalVascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • arterial thrombosis
  • bleeding risk
  • fibrinogen
  • thrombolysis
  • venous thrombosis

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