First Principles NMR Study of Fluorapatite under Pressure

Davide Ceresoli, Marco Fornari, Mary M Tecklenburg, Barbara Pavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


NMR is the technique of election to probe the local properties of materials. Herein we present the results of density functional theory (DFT) ab initio calculations of the NMR parameters for uorapatite (FAp), a calcium or- thophosphate mineral belonging to the apatite family, by using the GIPAW method [Pickard and Mauri, 2001]. Understanding the local eects of pres- sure on apatites is particularly relevant because of their important role in many solid state and biomedical applications. Apatites are open structures, which can undergo complex anisotropic deformations, and the response of NMR can elucidate the microscopic changes induced by an applied pressure. The computed NMR parameters proved to be in good agreement with the available experimental data. The structural evaluation of the material behav- ior under hydrostatic pressure (from {5 to +100 kbar) indicated a shrinkage of the diameter of the apatitic channel, and a strong correlation between NMR shielding and pressure, proving the sensitivity of this technique to even small changes in the chemical environment around the nuclei. This the- oretical approach allows the exploration of all the dierent nuclei composing the material, thus providing a very useful guidance in the interpretation of experimental results, particularly valuable for the more challenging nuclei such as 43-Ca and 17-O.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
JournalSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
StatePublished - Jul 2012


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