Four-dimensional tractography animates propagations of neural activation via distinct interhemispheric pathways

Takumi Mitsuhashi, Masaki Sonoda, Jeong won Jeong, Brian H. Silverstein, Hirotaka Iwaki, Aimee F. Luat, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To visualize and validate the dynamics of interhemispheric neural propagations induced by single-pulse electrical stimulation (SPES). Methods: This methodological study included three patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy who underwent measurement of cortico-cortical spectral responses (CCSRs) during bilateral stereo-electroencephalography recording. We delivered SPES to 83 electrode pairs and analyzed CCSRs recorded at 268 nonepileptic electrode sites. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) tractography localized the interhemispheric white matter pathways as streamlines directly connecting two electrode sites. We localized and visualized the putative SPES-related fiber activation, at each 1-ms time window, based on the propagation velocity defined as the DWI-based streamline length divided by the early CCSR peak latency. Results: The resulting movie, herein referred to as four-dimensional tractography, delineated the spatiotemporal dynamics of fiber activation via the corpus callosum and anterior commissure. Longer streamline length was associated with delayed peak latency and smaller amplitude of CCSRs. The cortical regions adjacent to each fiber activation site indeed exhibited CCSRs at the same time window. Conclusions: Our four-dimensional tractography successfully animated neural propagations via distinct interhemispheric pathways. Significance: Our novel animation method has the potential to help investigators in addressing the mechanistic significance of the interhemispheric network dynamics supporting physiological function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Dynamic tractography
  • Effective connectivity
  • Functional brain mapping
  • Pediatric epilepsy surgery
  • cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs)
  • electrocorticography (ECoG)


Dive into the research topics of 'Four-dimensional tractography animates propagations of neural activation via distinct interhemispheric pathways'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this