Platinum nanoparticles with a mean size of 1.7 nm were synthesized by reduction in sodium acetate solution in 1,2-ethanediol. The particles were then functionalized with dodecylamine, dodecanethiol, and ω-mercapto-undecanoic acid (MUDA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed important variations of the particle surface state with functionalization whereas their structure differs only slightly. Platinum-to-sulfur charge transfer inferred from XPS of thiol-coated particles enabled the identification of the formation of Ptδ+- Sδ- bonds. The native carbon monoxide (CO) at the surface of the particles was a very efficient probe for following the functionalization of the particles by FTIR. The red shift of v(CO) accounts for the nature of the ligands at the surface of the particles and also for their degree of functionalization. Immobilization on alumina substrates of particles functionalized with MUDA was realized by immersion in colloidal solutions. Free molecules, isolated particles, and aggregates of particles interconnected by hydrogen bonds at the surface of alumina were evidenced by FTIR. With successive washings, the energy variation of the CO stretch of carbon monoxide and of carboxylic acid groups and the relative intensity v(CH2)/v(CO) showed that the free molecules are eliminated first, followed by aggregates and less-functionalized particles. Particles presenting a high degree of functionalization by MUDA remain and interact strongly with alumina.