Functionalized graphene oxide coating on Ti6Al4V alloy for improved biocompatibility and corrosion resistance

Hassnain Asgar, K. M. Deen, Zia Ur Rahman, Umair Hussain Shah, Mohsin Ali Raza, Waseem Haider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The present study focused on the development of magnesium-functionalized graphene oxide (FGO) coating on titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) by electrophoretic deposition. Graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized by modified Hummers’ method and functionalized with magnesium ions. X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy (IR) and Raman spectroscopy were employed to confirm the synthesis of GO and GO-coatings on Ti6Al4V. Functionalization of GO with Mg ions was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The surface morphology of coated samples was examined through scanning electron microscopy. Reduction of FGO coating (labelled as rFGO) by heating at 200 °C was confirmed by IR. The rFGO coated Ti6Al4V was found to be hydrophilic in nature as determined by contact angle measurement which showed reduction in the contact angle of Ti6Al4V from 95.4° to 42.1°. The percent cell viability over the coated sample was appreciably improved compared to as-received Ti6Al4V sample owing to hydrophilicity of the former. The positive shift in open circuit potential and increase in polarization resistance was observed after coating Ti6Al4V samples with FGO. The significant decrease in the corrosion current density and negative polarization loop in the reverse scan of samples also confirmed the improved corrosion resistance of rFGO-coated Ti6Al4V over uncoated Ti6Al4V in the PBS solution. Furthermore, the impedance spectroscopy revealed that the preferential adsorption of ionic species (indicated by large Rads) at the surface improved the barrier characteristics of rFGO coated samples and exhibited an order of magnitude higher Rct compared to as-received samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)920-928
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Cell viability
  • Contact angle
  • Electrophoretic deposition
  • Graphene oxide
  • Linear polarization resistance
  • Titanium


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