Gendered Pathways? Gender, Mediating Factors, and the Gap in Boys' and Girls' Substance Use

Rachel Bridges Whaley, Justin Hayes-Smith, Rebecca Hayes-Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A gender gap in alcohol and drug use exists but is somewhat smaller than the gender gap in other forms of delinquency. This article extends studies that examine the gender-delinquency relationship to substance use in particular and estimate the extent to which major risk and protective factors mediate the association between gender and alcohol and marijuana use. The authors simultaneously draw on two traditional delinquency theories, social learning and social control, and the feminist pathways perspective regarding victimizations. This gendered pathways approach highlights the extent to which gender influences life experiences and thus the trajectories of girls and boys. In a large sample of 8th to 12th graders, school bonds and victimizations accounted for much of the gender-substance use relationship, especially in the case of casual and binge drinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-669
Number of pages19
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • alcohol and drug use
  • feminist pathways
  • gender
  • social bonds
  • social learning

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