Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass: Evidence from the UK and Finland

Vikesh Amin, Petri Böckerman, Jutta Viinikainen, Melissa C. Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Niina Pitkänen, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Jaakko Pehkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

More education is associated with a lower body mass index (BMI) and likelihood of being overweight. However, since a large proportion of the variation in body mass is due to genetic makeup, it has been hypothesized that education may moderate the genetic risk. We estimate main associations between (i) education, (ii) genetic risk, and (iii) interactions between education and genetic risk on BMI and the probability of being overweight in the UK and Finland. The estimates show that education is negatively associated with BMI and overweightness, and genetic risk is positively associated. However, the interactions between education and genetic risk are small and statistically insignificant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-16
Number of pages5
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume195
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Education
  • Gene-environment interactions
  • Obesity

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