Health care costs of endovascular compared with open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Rodolfo V. Rocha, Charles De Mestral, Derrick Y. Tam, Douglas S. Lee, Mohammed Al-Omran, Peter C. Austin, Thomas L. Forbes, Maral Ouzounian, Thomas F. Lindsay

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Abstract

Objective: To compare 1-year health care costs between endovascular and open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA). Methods: Population-based administrative health databases were used to capture TAAA repairs performed in Ontario, Canada, between January 2006 and February 2017. All health care costs incurred by the Ministry of Health from a single-payer universal health care system were included. Costs of the aortic endografts and ancillary devices for the index procedure were estimated as C$44,000 per endovascular case vs C$1000 for open cases, based on previous reports. Costs (2017 Canadian dollars) were calculated in phases (1, 1-3, 3-6, and 6-12 months from surgery) with censoring for death. For each phase, propensity score matching of endovascular and open cases based on preoperative patient and hospital characteristics was used. The association between preoperative characteristics (including repair approach) and the first month postprocedure cost was characterized through multivariable analysis. Results: Overall 664 TAAA repairs were identified (open, n = 361 [54.5%] and endovascular, n = 303 [45.6%]). At 1 month, the median cost was higher for endovascular TAAA repair in the prematching cohort (C$64,892 vs C$36,647; P <.01). Similarly, in 241 well-balanced endovascular/open patient pairs after propensity score matching, the median health care costs were higher in endovascular TAAA cases during the first month (C$62,802 vs C$33,605; P <.01). The 1- to 3-month median cost was not statistically different between endovascular and open TAAA cases either before matching (C$2781 vs C$2618; P =.71) or after matching (C$2762 vs C$2092; P =.58). Likewise, in the 3- to 6-month and 6- to 12-month postprocedure intervals, there were no significant differences in the median health care costs between groups. On multivariable analysis, older age (5-year increments) (relative change [RC] in mean cost, 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.06; P =.01), urgent procedures (RC, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.10-1.52; P <.01), and history of stroke (RC, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.00-1.78; P =.05) were associated with higher costs in the first postoperative month, whereas open relative to endovascular TAAA repair was associated with a decreased 1-month cost (RC, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.56-0.74; P <.01). Conclusions: TAAA repair is expensive regardless of technique. Compared with open TAAA repair, endovascular repair was associated with a higher early cost, owing to the upfront cost of the endograft and aortic ancillary devices. There was no difference in cost from 1 to 12 months after repair. A decrease in the cost of endovascular devices might allow equivalent costs between endovascular and open TAAA repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1934-1941.e1
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Branched and fenestrated EVAR
  • Cost
  • Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm

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