Heat acclimation-induced intracellular HSP70 in humans: a meta-analysis

Roberto Nava, Micah N. Zuhl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heat acclimation (HA) in humans promotes thermoregulatory adaptations that support management of core temperature in hot environments and reduces the likelihood of heat related illness. Another adaptation to HA is thermotolerance through induction of the heat shock protein (HSP) stress system, which provides protection against thermal insult. However, whether or not HA leads to upregulation of the intracellular HSP system, namely intracellular HSP70 (HSP70), is unclear in humans. Therefore, the purposes of this meta-analysis were to determine if HA leads to HSP70 induction among humans and to evaluate how methodological differences among HA studies influence findings regarding HA-induced HSP70 accumulation. Several databases were searched to identify studies that measured HSP70 (protein and mRNA) changes in response to HA among humans. The effect of HA on HSP70 was analyzed. Differences in the effect of HA were assessed between protein and mRNA. The moderating effect of several independent variables (HA frequency, HA duration, core temperature, exercise intensity) on HSP70 was also evaluated. Data were extracted from 12 studies including 118 participants (mean age 24 years, 98% male). There was a significant effect of HA on HSP70 expression, g = 0.97 (95% CI, 0.08–1.89). The effect of HA was different between subgroups (protein vs. mRNA), g = 1.51 (95% CI, 0.71–2.31), and g = − 0.39 (95% CI, − 1.36), respectively. The frequency of HA (in days) moderated HSP70 protein expression. There was a significant effect of heat acclimation on HSP70 induction in humans. The only factor among identified studies that may moderate this response was the frequency (number of days) of heat exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-45
Number of pages11
JournalCell Stress and Chaperones
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • HSP70
  • Heat Acclimation
  • Heat Illness
  • Thermotolerance
  • heat shock protein 70/72

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