Hematuria in an Adult with Congenital Heart Disease

Jennifer Noble, Shahnawaz M. Amdani, Richard U. Garcia, Rajan Arora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the United States now outnumber children with CHD, due in part to the improvement in surgical and medical management. This growing population may present postoperatively to the emergency department (ED) with nonspecific complaints from unforseen complications secondary to cardiac intervention. Case Report: We describe a 39-year-old male who presented to the ED with hematuria and dysuria after he underwent percutaneous device ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure 10 days before. Upon initial evaluation, laboratory results confirmed a urinary tract infection and hematuria. Given persistent red discoloration of urine and easy fatigability, further investigation and re-evaluation found him to be anemic secondary to intravascular hemolysis. Cardiac catheterization showed residual shunting through the VSD device margins causing the hemolysis. Although this is a rare complication of VSD device closure, the patient's initial presentation of hematuria and dysuria presented a unique diagnostic challenge. Why Should an Emergency Physician Be Aware of This?: Patients with underlying CHD require emergency physicians to consider a multidisciplinary approach to properly diagnose and facilitate treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e69-e71
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • hematuria
  • hemolysis
  • ventricular septal defect


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