Hemophilus influenzae type b pneumonia in 43 children

Basim I. Asmar, Thomas L. Slovis, Joseph O. Reed, Adnan S. Dajani

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using positive blood, lung, or pleural fluid cultures as definitive criteria for bacterial infection, 43 examples of Hemophilus influenzae type b pneumonia were identified in a 43-monih period. The mean age of the patients was 26 months; 12% were older than 5 years of age. Associated infections were found in 34 patients and included upper respiratory infections, otitis media, epiglottitis, and meningitis. Positive nasopharyngeal cultures were observed in only 33%. Radiologically, segmental or lobar infiltrates accounted for 85% of the pneumonias. In two cases, death was attributed to the pneumonia alone. Treatment with penicillin G or ampicillin was equally effective. Our data suggest that H. influenzae pneumonia is commonly a serious infection that cannot be distinguished clinically or radiologically from other pneumonias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978

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