Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-infected Astrocytoma Cells impair the function of HCMV-specific cytotoxic T Cells

Jiyeon Kim, Won Woo Lee, Eung Soo Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is associated with a poor prognosis and may affect the pathogenesis of GBM. In this study, we investigated the role of HCMV-infected astrocytoma cells in impairing the activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific to the HCMV protein. Methods: CTLs specific to HCMV immediate early (IE)-1 were expanded from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy donors by stimulating CD8+ T lymphocytes with U373MG cells (ATCC HTB-17: male) expressing HCMV IE-1. The death rate of the target and the effector cells was determined by the total count of the remaining respective cells after the interaction of them. Results: The death rate of the target cells by CTLs increased depending on HLA restriction and the effector:target (E:T) ratio. The death rate of effector cells in the HCMV-infected U373MG cell culture was 37.1% on day 4 post-infection. The removal of the culture supernatant from HCMV-infected U373MG cells prior to adding the effector cells increased target cell death from 8.4% to 40.8% at E:T = 1:1, but not at E:T = 3:1. The transfer of cells from a 24-hour co-culture of the HCMV-infected U373MG cells and CTLs to HCMV IE-1-expressing target cells resulted in decreasing the cell death rate of the target cells from 31.1% to 13.0% at E:T = 1:1, but not at E:T = 3:1. HCMV infection of U373MG cells decreases the activity of CTLs specific to HCMV when the number of CTLs is low. Conclusion: These results suggest that HCMV could impair CTL activity and facilitate glioblastoma growth unchecked by CTLs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE218
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume35
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2020

Keywords

  • Astrocytoma cell
  • Cytotoxic T lymphocyte
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Human cytomegalovirus
  • Immediate early protein-1

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