Hydrocarbon potential and Organofacies of the Devonian Antrim Shale, Michigan Basin

Adedoyin Adeyilola, Natalia Zakharova, Kouqi Liu, Thomas Gentzis, Humberto Carvajal-Ortiz, Seare Ocubalidet, William B. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The Devonian Antrim Shale is an unconventional biogenic gas accumulation with a technical recoverable resource of 19.9 Tcf. However, major knowledge gaps remain regarding understanding of the source rock potential, organic facies assemblages and paleo-depositional conditions of the Antrim Shale members. This work utilized Rock-Eval pyrolysis, reflected light microscopy and solid bitumen reflectance to characterize the source rock quality, organo-facies assemblages, and thermal maturity of the various Antrim Shale members at three different localities in the Michigan Basin. Results showed that the Lachine and Norwood members are richer in organic matter (up to 24 wt%) than the Upper and Paxton members (<8 wt%). Organic matter is mainly dominated by marine Type II kerogen in the black shales of the Lachine and Norwood members, and by Type II and Type II/III in the Paxton Member. Telalginite, which is represented mainly by Tasmanites and Leiosphaeridia cysts, is the dominant organic matter in the black shale members where they account for about two-thirds of the organic matter composition. Solid bitumen, which accounts for less than one-third of the organic matter composition, is second after alginite. Both alginite and solid bitumen populations decline in abundance progressively in the Upper and Paxton members at the expense of inertinite and vitrinite. The dominant organofacies groups in the studied Antrim Shale members can be assigned to the BP type B and type D/E. Organic matter maturity determined from Rock-Eval Tmax and bitumen reflectance varies from immature to marginally mature across the Michigan Basin. The results confirmed that sediment burial depth and lateral position in the basin controlled organic facies assemblages within the Antrim Shale members.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103905
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Geology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Antrim Shale
  • Devonian
  • Maturity
  • Organic matter
  • Organic petrology
  • Solid bitumen


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