Identification of the E2A Gene Products as Regulatory Targets of the G 1 Cyclin-dependent Kinases

Caryn Chu, D. Stave Kohtz

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The E2A gene products, E12 and E47, are multifunctional transcription factors that as homodimers regulate B cell development, growth, and survival. In this report, the E2A gene products are shown to be targets for regulation by the G1 cyclin-dependent kinases. Two novel G1 cyclin-dependent kinase sites are identified on the N-terminal domain of E12/E47. One site displays homology to a preferential D-type cyclin-dependent kinase site (serine 780) on the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene product (pRB) and, consistent with this homology, is more efficiently phosphorylated by cyclin D1-CDK4 than by the other cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) that were tested. The second kinase site is phosphorylated by both cyclin D1-CDK4 and cyclin A/E-CDK2 complexes. Mutation studies indicated that phosphorylation of the cyclin D1-CDK4 site, or more potently, of both the cyclin D1-CDK4 and cyclin A/E-CDK2 sites, negatively regulates the growth suppressor function associated with the N-terminal domain of E12/E47. Transient expression studies showed that ectopic expression of cyclin D1 or E negatively regulates sequence-specific activation of gene transcription by E12/E47. Analysis of site mutants, however, indicated that inhibition of E12/E47 transcriptional activity did not require the N-terminal G1 cyclin-dependent kinase sites. Together, the results suggest that the growth suppressor and transcriptional activator functions of E12/E47 are targets for regulation by G1 cyclin-dependent kinases but that the mechanisms of regulation for each function are distinct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8524-8534
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2001

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