Identifying a motor proficiency barrier for meeting physical activity guidelines in children

An De Meester, David Stodden, Jacqueline Goodway, Larissa True, Ali Brian, Rick Ferkel, Leen Haerens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This study examined the existence of a threshold level (proficiency barrier) of actual motor competence (MC) below which a child is not likely to attain 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. Design A cross-sectional study. Methods Actual MC was assessed in 326 children (48.5% boys; age = 9.50 ± 1.24 years) using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2; MVPA was measured with ActiGraph GT3X + accelerometers. Perceived MC, included as a potential mediating variable, was assessed with the Self-Perception Profile for Children. Binary logistic (mediation) regression analyses controlling for sex and a chi-squared test were used to gain insight into the relationship between (the levels of) actual MC and the percentage of children meeting the MVPA guideline. Results Actual MC significantly predicted the percentage of children meeting the guideline (B =.03, SE =.01, p <.001), even when controlling for sex. Perceived MC did not mediate this relationship. Children with high actual MC (65–100 percentile) were 2.46 (p =.003) times more likely to meet the guideline than children with low actual MC (0–27 percentile). Conclusions The present study demonstrates the potential impact of low MC on children's MVPA levels and suggests evidence for the existence of a proficiency barrier for meeting MVPA guidelines. Almost 90% of the children whose actual MC is below the ‘average’ threshold do not meet the MVPA guideline. As more children with higher levels of actual MC meet the guideline than their less competent peers, it is crucial to provide opportunities to sufficiently develop children's actual MC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Chi-square distribution
  • Children
  • Health-related guideline
  • Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  • Motor skills
  • Regression analysis

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