Improvement in Health-Related Quality of Life with Dupilumab in Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Asthma with Comorbid Chronic Rhinosinusitis with/without Nasal Polyps: An Analysis of the QUEST Study

Claire Hopkins, Kathleen M. Buchheit, Enrico Heffler, Noam A. Cohen, Heidi Olze, Asif H. Khan, Jérôme Msihid, Shahid Siddiqui, Scott Nash, Juby A. Jacob-Nara, Paul J. Rowe, Yamo Deniz

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

Patients with asthma frequently have comorbid chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with or without nasal polyps, increasing disease burden and complicating treatment. These post hoc analyses investigated disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and general health status in the randomized, placebo-controlled QUEST study (NCT02414854) in patients treated with dupilumab for moderate-to-severe asthma with comorbid CRS. Patients received 300 mg of dupilumab or placebo every 2 weeks for 52 weeks. CRS HRQoL was assessed by the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22; items scored 0–5). The 22 items are categorized into 5 domains (nasal, ear/facial, sleep, function, and emotion), and patients report the top 5 most important items affecting their health. General health status was assessed by Euro-QoL visual analog scale (EQ-VAS). Of 1902 patients, 382 (20.1%) self-reported comorbid CRS; 193 patients receiving dupilumab 300 mg q2w or matched placebo were included in this analysis. At baseline, the most impacted SNOT-22 domain was nasal, and general health status was below population norms. Patients rated “decreased sense of taste/smell,” “nasal blockage,” “cough,” “reduced productivity,” and “wake up tired” as the 5 most important SNOT-22 items affecting their health. Percentage change from baseline in SNOT-22 total score was significantly greater for dupilumab vs placebo at Weeks 24, 36, and 52 (all p < 0.05). Improvements from baseline were significantly greater for dupilumab vs placebo at Week 52 for all SNOT-22 domains (p < 0.05), except emotion. At Week 52, significant changes from baseline with dupilumab vs placebo were observed for all 5 most important SNOT-22 items affecting their health (all p < 0.05). EQ-VAS was significantly improved with dupilumab vs placebo by Week 12, with improvements sustained to Week 52 (all p < 0.01). In patients with moderate-to-severe asthma who self-reported comorbid CRS, dupilumab treatment vs placebo improved CRS-specific HRQoL and general health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-773
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Asthma and Allergy
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SNOT-22
  • asthma
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • dupilumab
  • health-related quality of life
  • nasal polyps

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