Purpose: Using National Inpatient Database (NIS), comparison of clinical outcomes for patients primarily admitted for atrial fibrillation/flutter with and without a secondary diagnosis of amyloidosis was done. Inpatient mortality was the primary outcome and hospital length of stay (LOS), mean total hospital charges, odds of undergoing cardiac ablation, pharmacologic cardioversion, having a secondary discharge diagnosis of heart block, cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest were secondary outcomes. Methods: NIS database of 2016, 2017 was used for only adult hospitalizations with atrial fibrillation/flutter as principal diagnosis with and without amyloidosis as secondary diagnosis using ICD-10 codes. Multivariate logistic with linear regression analysis was used to adjust for confounders. Results: 932,054 hospitalizations were for adult patients with a principal discharge diagnosis of atrial fibrillation/flutter. 830 (0.09%) of these hospitalizations had amyloidosis. Atrial fibrillation/flutter hospitalizations with co-existing amyloidosis have higher inpatient mortality (4.22% vs 0.88%, AOR: 3.92, 95% CI 1.81–8.51, p = 0.001) and likelihood of having a secondary discharge diagnosis of cardiac arrest (2.40% vs 0.51%, AOR: 4.80, 95% CI 1.89–12.20, p = 0.001) compared to those without amyloidosis. Conclusions: Hospitalizations of atrial fibrillation/flutter with co-existing amyloidosis have higher inpatient mortality and odds of having a secondary discharge diagnosis of cardiac arrest compared to those without amyloidosis. However, LOS, total hospital charges, likelihood of undergoing cardiac ablation, pharmacologic cardioversion, having a secondary discharge diagnosis of heart block and cardiogenic shock were similar between both groups.
- atrial fibrillation
- conduction disorders