Evans' syndrome (ES) is characterized by autoimmune hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia and has been associated with immune deficiency and lymphoproliferation in some cases. Abnormalities of Fas-mediated apoptosis have been reported in various immune dysregulation disorders associated with autoimmunity and lymphoproliferation. We measured lymphocyte Fas expression and Fas-mediated T lymphocyte apoptosis in 7 children with ES, 7 with acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and 9 with non-immune-mediated disorders. Patients with ES had higher Fas expression on peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes (P < 0.001 and P = 0.046, respectively) and increased Fas-mediated elimination of activated T lymphocytes compared with the control groups. While two ES patients had panhypogammaglobulinemia at testing, three more developed it later, reaching a frequency of 83%. Some children with ES have increased lymphocyte Fas expression and Fas-mediated T lymphocyte apoptosis and these may be early signs of common variable immunodeficiency disorder in ES.
- B lymphocyte
- Common variable immunodeficiency disorder
- Evans' syndrome
- T lymphocyte