Influence du moment de diffusion d'enregistrements de chant pendant un point d'écoute et de la durée du point d'écoute sur la probabilité de détection d'oiseaux de marais nicheurs

Translated title of the contribution: Influence of call broadcast timing within point counts and survey duration on detection probability of marsh breeding birds

Douglas C. Tozer, C. Myles Falconer, Annie M. Bracey, Erin E. Gnass Giese, Gerald J. Niemi, Robert W. Howe, Thomas M. Gehring, Christopher J. Norment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Standardized North American Marsh Bird Monitoring Protocol recommends point counts consisting of a 5-min passive observation period, meant to be free of broadcast bias, followed by call broadcasts to entice elusive species to reveal their presence. Prior to this protocol, some monitoring programs used point counts with broadcasts during the first 5 min of 10-min counts, and have since used 15-min counts with an initial 5-min passive period (P1) followed by 5 min of broadcasts (B) and a second 5-min passive period (P2) to ensure consistency across years and programs. Influence of timing of broadcasts within point counts and point count duration, however, have rarely been assessed. Using data from 23,973 broadcast-assisted 15-min point counts conducted throughout the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region between 2008 and 2016 by Bird Studies Canada’s Marsh Monitoring Program and Central Michigan University’s Great Lakes Coastal Wetland Monitoring Program, we estimated detection probabilities of individuals for 14 marsh breeding bird species during P1B compared to BP2, P1 compared to P2, and P1B compared to P1BP2. For six broadcast species and American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), we found no significant difference in detection during P1B compared to BP2, and no significant difference in four of the same seven species during P1 compared to P2. We observed small but significant differences in detection for 7 of 14 species during P1B compared to P1BP2. We conclude that differences in timing of broadcasts causes no bias based on counts from entire 10-minute surveys, although P1B should be favored over BP2 because the same amount of effort in P1B avoids broadcast bias in all broadcast species, and 10-min surveys are superior to 15-min surveys because modest gains in detection of some species does not warrant the additional effort. We recommend point counts consisting of 5 min of passive observation followed by broadcasts, consistent with the standardized marsh bird protocol, for surveying marsh breeding birds.

Translated title of the contributionInfluence of call broadcast timing within point counts and survey duration on detection probability of marsh breeding birds
Original languageFrench
Article number8
JournalAvian Conservation and Ecology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Audio lures
  • Bird studies Canada’s marsh monitoring program
  • Call broadcasts
  • Central Michigan University’s great lakes coastal wetland monitoring program
  • Standardized North American marsh bird monitoring protocol

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