The contributions of striatal D1 receptors to the expression of sensorimotor behavior are qualitatively different in rats depleted of dopamine (DA) as neonates vs. as adults. In an effort to reveal neuronal mechanisms underlying these behavioral differences we determined the effects of the partial D1 agonist SKF 38393, the muscarinic antagonist scopolamine, and the combination of the two drugs on the induction of c-fos in the striatum and its projection sites, the globus pallidus and substantia nigra. Adult rats, given intracerebroventricular injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA, 50 μg/5 μl/hemisphere) or its vehicle on postnatal day 3, were treated with SKF 38393 (1.5 mg/kg, i.p.), scopolamine (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.) or the combination of the two drugs. There was no significant induction of c-fos in vehicle-treated controls, regardless of drug administration. In DA-depleted rats, scopolamine also did not induce c-fos whereas SKF 38393 produced a significant increase in the number of FOS-positive cells in the dorsal, but not ventral, striatum. The combined administration of scopolamine and SKF 38393 resulted in a potent synergism in the number of FOS-positive cells in DA-depleted rats. These interactions between lesion condition and drugs on c-fos induction were not secondary to differences in drug-induced behavioral activity. Activity levels were no different in vehicle vs. DA-depleted rats following the combined administration of scopolamine + SKF 38393, yet the two groups of rats exhibited marked differences in the density of FOS-positive striatal neurons. The effects of scopolamine and SKF 38393 on c-fos induction in striatum are qualitatively similar to those reported in rats DA-depleted as adults and suggest that, at this single-label level of analysis, the ability of D1 and muscarinic receptors to influence striatal activity does not contribute to the marked age-related differences in the behavioral effects of DA depletions.
|Journal||Developmental Brain Research|
|State||Published - 1996|