Interdisciplinary learning: Process and outcomes

Lana Ivanitskaya, Deborah Clark, George Montgomery, Ronald Primeau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

193 Scopus citations


Interdisciplinary learning is characterized by the integration of multidisciplinary knowledge across a central program theme or focus. With repeated exposure to interdisciplinary thought, learners develop more advanced epistemological beliefs, enhanced critical thinking ability and metacognitive skills, and an understanding of the relations among perspectives derived from different disciplines. Our adaptation of Biggs and Collis' (1982) Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome illustrates the stages of interdisciplinary knowledge integration and explains corresponding patterns of learners' intellectual functioning, from acquisition of single-subject information to transfer of interdisciplinary knowledge to other topics, issues, or problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-111
Number of pages17
JournalInnovative Higher Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Critical thinking
  • Epistemology
  • Interdisciplinary learning
  • Metacognition


Dive into the research topics of 'Interdisciplinary learning: Process and outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this