Interlayer polarizability in twisted bilayer graphene quantum dots

Xian Wang, Li Zhang, Shengping Yu, Mingli Yang, Koblar Alan Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many of the intriguing properties of bilayer graphene (BLG) are related to interlayer electronic coupling. Since this coupling is sensitive to an applied electric field perpendicular to the layers, we develop a strategy for determining interlayer coupling by decomposing the total electric dipole polarizability, which measures the response of electrons to applied fields, into site-specific contributions and consequently the intralayer and interlayer components. The interlayer polarizability is evaluated from field-induced electron density variations computed with a first-principles approach for twisted BLG quantum dots (QDs). Changes in interlayer polarizability dominate the polarizability variation with twist angle. In addition to the well-recognized strong coupling in the Bernal stackings, enhanced coupling is revealed for the structures at small and size-dependent twist angles when AB stacking first appears in the outermost shell of the QD. The values of these magic angles depend on the QD size. This paper not only provides an approach for measuring interlayer coupling strength but also indicates the existence of strong interlayer coupling even at small twist angles, which could be important for understanding the properties of twisted BLG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155411
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume104
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

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