Investigation of high temperature nanofluids for solar thermal power conversion and storage applications

Donghyun Shin, Byeongnam Jo, Hyun Eun Kwak, Debjyoti Banerjee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the enhancement of thermal properties of various high temperature nanofluids for solar thermal energy storage application. In concentrating solar power (CSP) systems, the thermo-physical properties of the heat transfer fluids (HTF) and the thermal energy storage (TES) materials are key to enhancing the overall system efficiency. Molten salts, such as alkali nitrates, alkali carbonates, or eutectics are considered as alternatives to conventional HTF to extend the capabilities of CSP. However, there is limited usage of molten salt eutectics as the HTF material, since the heat capacity of the molten salts are lower than that of conventional HTF. Nanofluid is a mixture of a solvent and nanoparticles. Well dispersed nanoparticles can be used to enhance thermo-physical properties of HTF. In this study, silica (SiO2) and alumina (Al 2O3) nanoparticles as well as carbon nanotubes (CNT) were dispersed into a molten salt and a commercially available HTF. The specific heat capacity of the nanofluids were measured and applicability of such nanofluid materials for solar thermal storage applications were explored. Measurements performed using the carbonate eutectics and commercial HTF that are doped with inorganic and organic nano-particles show specific heat capacity enhancements exceeding 5-20% at concentrations of 0.05% to 2.0% by weight. Dimensional analyses and computer simulations were performed to predict the enhancement of thermal properties of the nanofluids. The computational studies were performed using Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Pages583-591
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 8 2010Aug 13 2010

Publication series

Name2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Volume7

Conference

Conference2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period08/8/1008/13/10

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