Ion transport by rabbit descending colon: Mechanisms of transepithelial potassium transport

R. D. McCabe, P. L. Smith, L. P. Sullivan

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28 Scopus citations


In vitro preparations of rabbit descending colon were studied under steady-state short-circuit conditions to determine 1) the K concentration dependence of unidirectional K fluxes; 2) the effects of the K channel blocker barium and the diuretic agent furosemide; and 3) the steady-state activity of 42K when added to the luminal bathing solution. Results from these studies reveal that 1) labeling of cellular K from the mucosal solution is less than 25% of that from the serosal solution; 2) both unidirectional K fluxes are composed of saturable and nonsaturable components; 3) the serosal-to-mucosal saturable component is abolished by ouabain, and subsequent addition of 2,4-dinitrophenol abolishes the saturable component of the mucosal-to-serosal K flux; 4) luminal or serosal barium alters K transport in a manner consistent with the presence of barium-sensitive K conductances at both membranes; 5) luminal furosemide did not alter K transport; and 6) there is no shunt selectivity for K. We conclude that the majority of both unidirectional K fluxes follow a transcellular pathway and that both the apical and basolateral membranes possess active K uptake mechanisms and barium-sensitive K exit mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G594-G602
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984


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