Is there an association of near‑infrared spectroscopy with low cardiac output and adverse outcomes in single‑ventricle patients after stage 1 palliation?

Pezad Doctor, Sanjeev Aggarwal, Richard Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective : Our primary objective study was to evaluate the association between near‑infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and low cardiac output (LCO) in patients with single‑ventricle physiology after stage 1 palliation. Methods: In this retrospective study, infants ≤6 months of age with single‑ventricle physiology who underwent stage 1 palliation were included. Cerebral and renal NIRS values at various time intervals after surgery were compared between patients with low and normal cardiac output. LCO within the first 48 after surgery was defined as per the pediatric cardiac critical care consortium database. NIRS values were also compared with other adverse outcomes such as cardiac arrest, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and mortality. The receiver operative characteristic curve was generated to determine an optimal cut‑off NIRS value for detecting LCO. Results: Ninety‑one patients with median (Interquartile range) age of 10 days (6–26) and weight of 3.3 kg (3–3.5) were included in the study. Cerebral NIRS at 1 h (41.2 vs. 49.5; P = 0.002), 6 h (44 vs. 52.2; P < 0.001), and 12 h (51.8 vs. 56; P = 0.025) was significantly lower in the group with LCO compared to no LCO. Cerebral NIRS at 6 h was independently associated with LCO (P = 0.018), and cerebral NIRS at 6 h ≤57% had 91% sensitivity and 72% specificity to detect LCO. Conclusions: Cerebral NIRS ≤57% at 6 h after surgery detected LCO after stage 1 palliation in single‑ventricle patients. Cerebral or renal NIRS was not associated with adverse outcomes and therefore, may not be useful in predicting adverse outcomes in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-256
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Pediatric Cardiology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse outcome
  • hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • low cardiac output
  • near‑infrared spectroscopy
  • single ventricle
  • stage 1 palliation

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