Kinetic study of anaerobic digestion of compost leachate from organic fraction of municipal solid waste

C Limonti, Goksel Demirer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The anaerobic digestion (AD) of compost leachate has been scarcely investigated and, to the best of our knowledge, no previous work has analyzed the kinetics of the process in completely stirred tank reactors (CSTR). To overcome this lack of knowledge, the present work aimed to deepen the study of the AD of compost leachate in CSTR and to identify the kinetics that can represent the process evolution under different operating conditions. In this regard, an experimental investigation was carried out on a laboratory anaerobic pilot plant that worked in semi-continuous mode under mesophilic conditions. After the start-up phase, the digester was fed with organic loading rates (OLR) between 4 and 30 gCOD/Ld. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal ranged between 80 and 85% for OLR values up to 20 gCOD/Ld and, then, it was observed as 54% at 30 gCOD/Ld. The deterioration of process performance was caused by an excessive generation of volatile fatty acids leading to a decrease of methane production yield from 0.32–0.36 LCH4/gCODremoved at 20 gCOD/Ld, to 0.23–0.26 LCH4/gCODremoved at 30 gCOD/Ld. Using kinetic analysis, the Monod model was shown to be quite accurate in modelling the trends of COD degradation rates for OLR values up to 20 gCOD/Ld. On the other hand, a better fit was achieved with the Haldane model at 30 gCOD/Ld. The conducted modelling allowed to identify the kinetic parameters for each model. The detected results could help in the management and design of the digesters for the treatment of compost leachate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 18 2023


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