King-Devick Test reference values and associations with balance measures in high school American football players

B. Alsalaheen, J. Haines, A. Yorke, J. Diebold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The King-Devick test appears to be a promising tool in screening for concussions. However, limited evidence exists on the baseline associations between the K-D test and age and baseline screening tools used after concussion. Additionally, there are no published reference values for the K-D test in high school football players. The K-D test, the Balance Error Scoring System, and the Limits of Stability (LOS) test were administered to 157 high school football players. Additionally, a subsample of 62 participants completed the test twice to examine the reliability of K-D test. There was no relationship between the K-D test and the BESS, or the reaction time and directional control of LOS test. Students aged between 16 and 18 years demonstrated faster K-D test performance compared to students between 13 and 15 years of age. However, there was no association between K-D test and history of concussion. The reliability of the K-D test was (ICC2,1 = 0.89), and the minimal detectable change was 6.10 s. Normative reference values for high school football players are presented in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-239
Number of pages5
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Concussion
  • Head injury
  • Minimum detectable change
  • Normative values
  • Reliability
  • Screening
  • Validity
  • Visual

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