Late renal dysfunction after pediatric heart transplantation

Amrish Jain, Tej K. Mattoo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Acute as well as chronic renal dysfunctions are a common complication after pediatric heart transplantation and both increase the risk of post transplant morbidity and mortality. The severity of chronic kidney disease after heart transplantation varies from mild dysfunction to end stage renal disease requiring dialysis and/or renal transplantation. Multiple risk factors are involved including preexisting renal disease, peri-transplant hemodynamic renal insults and long-term exposure to calcineurin inhibitors post-transplant. Close monitoring and surveillance of renal function, high blood pressure, and proteinuria are recommended to detect chronic kidney disease at an early stage. Use of calcineurin inhibitor sparing regimens with a close monitoring of drug levels can help slow the progression. In order to prevent further injury, renal protective strategies should be started early in collaboration with a pediatric nephrologist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalProgress in Pediatric Cardiology
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Children
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Heart transplantation
  • Renal insufficiency


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