Lead poisoning in children

J. Chao, G. E. Kikano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In October 1991, the Centers for Disease Control issued new recommendations lowering the acceptable blood lead level. This change was based on data indicating that irreversible adverse neurodevelopmental effects occur in children with chronic low-level exposure to lead. The primary source of lead poisoning is still lead-based paint, particularly in older urban housing. Other sources of lead poisoning are also common. Almost all U.S. children are considered at risk of lead poisoning and should be screened for lead poisoning. Parents should be provided with information about potential sources of lead during routine well-child visits. Multidisciplinary efforts should be made to reduce all lead exposure. Oral chelation therapy on an outpatient basis is now available to treat less severe cases of lead poisoning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993


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