Left ventricle phenotyping utilizing tissue doppler imaging in premature infants with varying severity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Eunice Torres, Philip T. Levy, Afif El-Khuffash, Hongjie Gu, Aaron Hamvas, Gautam K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is characterized by alveolar-capillary simplification and is associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in preterm infants. The contribution of left ventricle (LV) disease towards this severe BPD-PH phenotype is not well established. We aimed to describe the longitudinal trajectory of the LV function as measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and its association with BPD-PH. We retrospectively assessed prospectively acquired clinical and echocardiographic data from 77 preterm infants born between 2011 and 2013. We characterized the LV function by measuring systolic and diastolic myocardial velocities (s’, e’, a’), isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), and myocardial performance index with TDI at three time periods from 32 and 36 weeks, postmenstrual age through one year of age. We also measured post systolic motion (PSM), a marker of myocardial dysfunction that results from asynchronous movement of the ventricular walls, and not previously described in preterm infants. Patients were stratified into groups according to BPD severity and the presence of PH and compared over time. Conventional TDI measures of the LV function were similar between groups, but the septal PSM was significantly prolonged over the first year of age in patients with BPD-PH. PSM provides a novel objective way to assess the hemodynamic impact of lung and pulmonary vascular disease severity on LV function in preterm infants with BPD and PH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2211
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2021

Keywords

  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • Echocardiography
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Post systolic motion
  • Prematurity
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Tissue doppler imaging

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