Li4Ti5O12/graphene nanoribbons composite as anodes for lithium ion batteries

P. A. Medina, H. Zheng, B. D. Fahlman, P. Annamalai, A. Swartbooi, L. le Roux, M. K. Mathe

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In this paper, we report the synthesis of a Li4Ti5O12/Graphene Nanoribbons (LTO/GNRs) composite using a solid-coating method. Electron microscope images of the LTO/GNRs composite have shown that LTO particles were wrapped around graphene nanoribbons. The introduction of GNRs was observed to have significantly improved the rate performance of LTO/GNTs. The specific capacities determined of the obtained composite at rates of 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 C are 206.5, 200.9, 188, 178.1 and 142.3 mAh·g−1, respectively. This is significantly higher than those of pure LTO (169.1, 160, 150, 106 and 71.1 mAh·g−1, respectively) especially at high rate (2 and 5 C). The LTO/GNRs also shows better cycling stability at high rates. Enhanced conductivity of LTO/GNRs contributed from the GNR frameworks accelerated the kinetics of lithium intercalation/deintercalation in LIBs that also leads to excellent rate capacity of LTO/GNRs. This is attributed to its lower charge-transfer resistance (Rct = 23.38 Ω) compared with LTO (108.05 Ω), and higher exchange current density (j = 1.1 × 10−3 mA cm−2)—about 20 times than those of the LTO (j = 2.38 × 10−4 mA cm−2).

Original languageEnglish
Article number643
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Anode
  • Capacity
  • Graphene nanoribbons
  • LIBs, LiTiO


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