Locus of control and implicit memory

Josh D. Landau, Hajime Otani, Terry M. Libkuman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Two experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of locus of control on implicit and explicit memory. We hypothesized that internals would rely on semantic processing, externals on perceptual processing. In Experiment 1, 80 college students studied 36 words and completed an implicit memory test in either a consistent or cross-modality condition. The results revealed that externals had higher priming scores than did internals, regardless of modality. In Experiment 2, 80 college students took either an implicit or explicit test. The results again revealed that externals showed higher priming scores than internals. The higher priming scores exhibited by the externals do not necessarily mean that they are more perceptually oriented than the internals are.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-507
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of General Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1993


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