Machine learning screening of metal-ion battery electrode materials

Isaiah A. Moses, Rajendra P. Joshi, Burak Ozdemir, Neeraj Kumar, Jesse Eickholt, Veronica Barone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rechargeable batteries provide crucial energy storage systems for renewable energy sources, as well as consumer electronics and electrical vehicles. There are a number of important parameters that determine the suitability of electrode materials for battery applications, such as the average voltage and the maximum specific capacity which contribute to the overall energy density. Another important performance criterion for battery electrode materials is their volume change upon charging and discharging, which contributes to determine the cyclability, Coulombic efficiency, and safety of a battery. In this work, we present deep neural network regression machine learning models (ML), trained on data obtained from the Materials Project database, for predicting average voltages and volume change upon charging and discharging of electrode materials for metal-ion batteries. Our models exhibit good performance as measured by the average mean absolute error obtained from a 10-fold cross-validation, as well as on independent test sets. We further assess the robustness of our ML models by investigating their screening potential beyond the training database. We produce Na-ion electrodes by systematically replacing Li-ions in the original database by Na-ions and, then, selecting a set of 22 electrodes that exhibit a good performance in energy density, as well as small volume variations upon charging and discharging, as predicted by the machine learning model. The ML predictions for these materials are then compared to quantum-mechanics based calculations. Our results reaffirm the significant role of machine learning techniques in the exploration of materials for battery applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53355-53362
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2021

Keywords

  • deep learning
  • deep neural networks
  • electrode voltage
  • electrode volume change
  • machine learning
  • metal-ion batteries

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