Introduction: Reproductive tract bleeding (RTB) is an important outcome in menstruating females on anticoagulant therapy (AC). The diagnosis and management of AC-RTB in adolescent and young adult (AYA) females is unknown. Aims: The aim of this study was to survey the contemporary patterns of diagnosis and management of AC-RTB in AYA females. Methods: SurveyMonkey® questions were sent to members of 1) Pediatric and Neonatal Thrombosis Hemostasis Subcommittee and Women's Health Subcommittee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis and 2) Hemostasis and Thrombosis Research Society. Results are reported using descriptive statistics. Results: Response rate was 33% (251 out of 753). AC-RTB was infrequently reported. Menstrual history was not routinely reviewed prior to initiation of AC. Respondents indicated a differential risk of AC-RTB, most frequently with Rivaroxaban. Respondents continued hormonal therapy (HT) if an AYA female was on it at the start of AC. When AC-RTB occurred, management strategies were variable with initiation of HT or antifibrinolytic therapy being the most frequent. The timing of AC-RTB after the thrombotic event influenced the respondents' choice of therapy. Differences were seen in the management strategies between US and non-US participants, with more US respondents initiating HT while more non-US respondents modifying the AC regimen. Respondents uniformly reported complications with AC-RTB and with its treatment. Conclusion: This survey highlights the need to review menstrual history at the start of and during AC and for future research into choosing the optimal AC in AYA females. The results can inform the design of future studies.
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Adolescents young adult females
- Heavy menstrual bleeding