Memory for previous recall: A comparison of free and cued recall

Laura Maria Padilla-Walker, Debra Ann Poole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Case studies of individuals who claimed to have recovered previously repressed memories of abuse during situations that involved memory cueing revealed that some individuals had discussed abuse with others during an earlier time period. Termed the 'forgot-it-all-along' effect, this phenomenon has legal implications for statutes of limitations. Two experiments provide evidence for differences between free recall and more directed (recognition or cued recall) test conditions in the accuracy of memories for previous recall. Participants more often erred by claiming they had not previously remembered recognized (Experiment 1) or cued (Experiment 2) sentences than freely recalled sentences, and this difference was obtained even when the number of remembered sentences was equivalent across conditions (Experiment 2). These studies document that memory for previous recollection is less accurate for cued memories even when remembered events do not produce feelings of shock or surprise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-524
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2002


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