Microbial subnetworks related to short-term diel O 2 fluxes within geochemically distinct freshwater wetlands

Dean J. Horton, Matthew J. Cooper, Anthony J. Wing, Peter S. Kourtev, Donald G. Uzarski, Deric R. Learman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oxygen (O 2) concentrations often fluctuate over diel timescales within wetlands, driven by temperature, sunlight, photosynthesis and respiration. These daily fluxes have been shown to impact biogeochemical transformations (e.g. denitrification), which are mediated by the residing microbial community. However, little is known about how resident microbial communities respond to diel physical and chemical fluxes in freshwater wetland ecosystems. In this study, total microbial (bacterial and archaeal) community structure was significantly related to diel time points in just one out of four distinct freshwater wetlands sampled. This suggests that daily environmental shifts may influence wetlands differentially based upon the resident microbial community and specific physical and chemical conditions of a freshwater wetland. When exploring the microbial communities within each wetland at finer resolutions, subcommunities of taxa within two wetlands were found to correspond to fluctuating O 2 levels. Microbial taxa that were found to be susceptible to fluctuating O 2 levels within these subnetworks may have intimate ties to metabolism and/or diel redox cycles. This study highlights that freshwater wetland microbial communities are often stable in community structure when confronted with short-term O 2 fluxes; however, specialist taxa may be sensitive to these same fluxes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfny269
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume365
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA gene sequencing
  • diel cycles
  • network analysis
  • wetland microbial ecology

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