Microencapsulation of molten salt in stable silica shell via a water-limited sol-gel process for high temperature thermal energy storage

Hanfei Zhang, Anirudh Balram, Hani Tiznobaik, Donghyun Shin, Sunand Santhanagopalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microencapsulated phase change material as high temperature latent heat storage (LHS) has great potential for renewable energy applications. However, high temperature compatible microencapsulation techniques have rarely been reported so far. Successful microencapsulation of molten salt with high melting point and high latent heat is demonstrated in this work. The microcapsules are demonstrated to be thermally stable at a relatively high melting point of the salt (334 °C) with a high encapsulation ratio (95.2%) which can be well controlled through a Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) hydrolysis/condensation process. The demonstrated stability and excellent controllability of this process makes the synthesized KNO3@silica microcapsule the first real demonstration of a controllable micro/nanoencapsulation technique that can be used for high temperature applications without much limitation on PCM selection, especially for molten salts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-274
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume136
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2018

Keywords

  • High temperature latent heat storage
  • Microencapsulation
  • Molten salt encapsulation
  • Thermal energy storage

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